# Getting Calculated View Dimensions

# Calculating initial View dimensions in an Activity

package com.example;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewTreeObserver;

public class ExampleActivity extends Activity {

    protected void onCreate(@Nullable final Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        final View viewToMeasure = findViewById(R.id.view_to_measure);

        // viewToMeasure dimensions are not known at this point.
        // viewToMeasure.getWidth() and viewToMeasure.getHeight() both return 0,
        // regardless of on-screen size.

        viewToMeasure.getViewTreeObserver().addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() {
            public boolean onPreDraw() {
                // viewToMeasure is now measured and laid out, and displayed dimensions are known.
                logComputedViewDimensions(viewToMeasure.getWidth(), viewToMeasure.getHeight());
                // Remove this listener, as we have now successfully calculated the desired dimensions.

                // Always return true to continue drawing.
                return true; 

    private void logComputedViewDimensions(final int width, final int height) {
        Log.d("example", "viewToMeasure has width " + width);
        Log.d("example", "viewToMeasure has height " + height);


# Remarks

Note that a ViewTreeObserver instance associated with a View instance can become invalid while that View is still alive. From the View.getViewTreeObserver javadocs:

// The returned ViewTreeObserver observer is not guaranteed to remain
// valid for the lifetime of this View. If the caller of this method keeps
// a long-lived reference to ViewTreeObserver, it should always check for
// the return value of {@link ViewTreeObserver#isAlive()}.

Thus, if you have previously added a listener to a ViewTreeObserver instance and now wish to remove it, it is easiest to call getViewTreeObserver on the corresponding View instance again to receive a fresh ViewTreeObserver instance. (Checking isAlive on an existing instance is more work for little benefit; if the ViewTreeObserver is no longer alive, you'll be fetching that fresh reference anyway!)