# ModelPresentationStyles

Modal Presentation styles are used when you are transitioning from one view controller to another. There are 2 ways of achieving this customization. One is through code and another through Interface Builder(using segues). This effect is achieved by settingmodalPresentationStyle variable to an instance of UIModalPresentationStyle enum. modalPresentationStyle property is a class variable of UIViewController and is used to specify how a ViewController is presented on screen.

# Exploring ModalPresentationStyle using Interface Builder

This will be a very basic app which will illustrate different ModalpresentationStyle in iOS. According to documentation found here, There are 9 different values for UIModalPresentationStyle which are as follows,

  1. fullScreen
  2. pageSheet
  3. formSheet
  4. currentContext
  5. custom
  6. overFullScreen
  7. overCurrentContext
  8. popover
  9. none

To setup a project, just create a normal iOS project and add 2 ViewControllers. Put a UIButton in you initial ViewController and connect it to 2nd ViewController via a Target -> Action mechanism. To distinguish both ViewControllers, set background property of UIView in ViewController some other color. If all goes well, your Interface Builder should look something this, Initial Interface builder

Make sure you build this project and run it on iPad (For details on why iPad, refer to Remarks section). Once you are done setting up your project, select the segue and go to the attributes inspector. You should be able to see something like this, enter image description here

Set the kind property to Present Modally.

Now, we won't see all of the effects in this example as some of them requires little bit of code.

Let's start with fullscreen. This effect is selected by default when you select Present Modally in Kind tab. When you build and run, the 2nd ViewController would occupy the full screen of you iPad.

enter image description here

Next is pageSheet. You can select this option from Presentation tab. In this option, when device is in portrait mode, the 2nd ViewController is similar to full screen but in landscape mode, 2nd ViewController is much narrow the device width. Also, any content not covered by 2nd ViewController will be dimmed.

enter image description here

For formSheet style, the 2nd ViewController is placed in center of device and the size is smaller to that of device. Also when device is in landscape mode and keyboard is visible position of view is adjusted upwards to show the ViewController.

enter image description here

Last style which we are going to try is popover. To select this style, select Present as Popover in Kind tab. The 2nd ViewController is presented as a small popover(size can be set). The background content is dimmed. Any tap outside the popover would dismiss the popover. Your Attributes Inspector should look something like this,

enter image description here

Anchor is the UI element to which you want your popover arrow to point. Directions are the directions you allow your popover Anchor to point in.

enter image description here

There more then these basic Modal Presentation Styles but they are little complicated to achieve and require some code. More details can be found in the Apple Documentation.

# Remarks

Always remember the following mention from Apple.

In a horizontally compact environment, modal view controllers are always presented full-screen. In a horizontally regular environment, there are several different presentation options.