# Synchronization Context in Async-Await

# Pseudocode for async/await keywords

Consider a simple asynchronous method:

async Task Foo()
{
    Bar();
    await Baz();
    Qux();
}

Simplifying, we can say that this code actually means the following:

Task Foo()
{
    Bar();
    Task t = Baz();
    var context = SynchronizationContext.Current;
    t.ContinueWith(task) =>
    {
        if (context == null)
            Qux();
        else
            context.Post((obj) => Qux(), null);
    }, TaskScheduler.Current);

    return t;
}

It means that async/await keywords use current synchronization context if it exists. I.e. you can write library code that would work correctly in UI, Web, and Console applications.

Source article.

# Disabling synchronization context

To disable synchronization context you should call the ConfigureAwait method:

async Task() Foo()
{
    await Task.Run(() => Console.WriteLine("Test"));
}

. . .

Foo().ConfigureAwait(false);

ConfigureAwait provides a means to avoid the default SynchronizationContext capturing behavior; passing false for the flowContext parameter prevents the SynchronizationContext from being used to resume execution after the await.

Quote from It's All About the SynchronizationContext.

# Why SynchronizationContext is so important?

Consider this example:

private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    label1.Text = RunTooLong();
}

This method will freeze UI application until the RunTooLong will be completed. The application will be unresponsive.

You can try run inner code asynchronously:

private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Task.Run(() => label1.Text = RunTooLong());
}

But this code won't execute because inner body may be run on non-UI thread and it shouldn't change UI properties directly:

private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Task.Run(() =>
    {
        var label1Text = RunTooLong();

        if (label1.InvokeRequired)
            lable1.BeginInvoke((Action) delegate() { label1.Text = label1Text; });
        else
            label1.Text = label1Text;
    });
}

Now don't forget always to use this pattern. Or, try SynchronizationContext.Post that will make it for you:

private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Task.Run(() =>
    {
        var label1Text = RunTooLong();
        SynchronizationContext.Current.Post((obj) =>
        {
            label1.Text = label1    Text);
        }, null);
    });
}