# Effects

Effects simplifies platform specific customizations. When there is a need to modify a Xamarin Forms Control's properties, Effects can be used. When there is a need to override the Xamarin Forms Control's methods, Custom renderers can be used

# Adding platform specific Effect for an Entry control

  1. Create a new Xamarin Forms app using PCL File -> New Solution -> Multiplatform App -> Xamarin Forms -> Forms App; Name the project as EffectsDemo
  2. Under the iOS project, add a new Effect class that inherits from PlatformEffect class and overrides the methods OnAttached, OnDetached and OnElementPropertyChanged Notice the two attributes ResolutionGroupName and ExportEffect, these are required for consuming this effect from the PCL/shared project.
  • `OnAttached` is the method where the logic for customization goes in
  • `OnDetached` is the method where the clean up and de-registering happens
  • `OnElementPropertyChanged` is the method which gets triggered upon property changes of different elements. To identify the right property, check for the exact property change and add your logic. In this example, `OnFocus` will give the `Blue` color and `OutofFocus` will give `Red` Color
     using System;
     using EffectsDemo.iOS;
     using UIKit;
     using Xamarin.Forms;
     using Xamarin.Forms.Platform.iOS;
    
     [assembly: ResolutionGroupName("xhackers")]
     [assembly: ExportEffect(typeof(FocusEffect), "FocusEffect")]
     namespace EffectsDemo.iOS
     {
     public class FocusEffect : PlatformEffect
     {
     public FocusEffect()
     {
     }
     UIColor backgroundColor;
     protected override void OnAttached()
     {
         try
         {
             Control.BackgroundColor = backgroundColor = UIColor.Red;
         }
         catch (Exception ex)
         {
             Console.WriteLine("Cannot set attacked property" + ex.Message);
         }
     }
    
     protected override void OnDetached()
     {
         throw new NotImplementedException();
     }
    
     protected override void OnElementPropertyChanged(System.ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs args)
     {
         base.OnElementPropertyChanged(args);
    
         try
         {
             if (args.PropertyName == "IsFocused")
             {
                 if (Control.BackgroundColor == backgroundColor)
                 {
                     Control.BackgroundColor = UIColor.Blue;
                 }
                 else
                 {
                     Control.BackgroundColor = backgroundColor;
                 }
             }
         }
         catch (Exception ex)
         {
             Console.WriteLine("Cannot set property " + ex.Message);
         }
     }
    
    

    } }

  • To Consume this effect in the application, Under the `PCL` project, create a new class named `FocusEffect` which inherits from `RoutingEffect`. This is essential to make the PCL instantiate the platform specific implementation of the effect. Sample code below:
    using Xamarin.Forms;
    namespace EffectsDemo
    {
        public class FocusEffect : RoutingEffect
        {
            public FocusEffect() : base("xhackers.FocusEffect")
            {
            }
        }
    }
    
    
  • Add the effect to `Entry` control in the XAML
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <ContentPage xmlns="http://xamarin.com/schemas/2014/forms" xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2009/xaml" xmlns:local="clr-namespace:EffectsDemo" x:Class="EffectsDemo.EffectsDemoPage">
    <StackLayout Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalOptions="Center" VerticalOptions="Center">
    <Label Text="Effects Demo" HorizontalOptions="StartAndExpand" VerticalOptions="Center" ></Label>
    <Entry Text="Controlled by effects" HorizontalOptions="FillAndExpand" VerticalOptions="Center">
        <Entry.Effects>
            <local:FocusEffect>
            </local:FocusEffect>
        </Entry.Effects>
    </Entry>
    </StackLayout>
    </ContentPage>
    
    
  • Effects Added for iOS version

    Effects ignored for Droid version

    Since the Effect was implemented only in iOS version, when the app runs in iOS Simulator upon focusing the Entry background color changes and nothing happens in Android Emulator as the Effect wasn't created under Droid project