# grunt

# Introduction To GruntJs

Grunt is a JavaScript Task Runner, used for automation of repetitive tasks like minification, compilation, unit testing, linting, etc.

In order to get started, you'll want to install Grunt's command line interface (CLI) globally.

npm install -g grunt-cli

Preparing a new Grunt project: A typical setup will involve adding two files to your project: package.json and the Gruntfile.

package.json: This file is used by npm to store metadata for projects published as npm modules. You will list grunt and the Grunt plugins your project needs as devDependencies in this file.

Gruntfile: This file is named Gruntfile.js and is used to configure or define tasks and load Grunt plugins.

Example package.json:

  "name": "my-project-name",
  "version": "0.1.0",
  "devDependencies": {
    "grunt": "~0.4.5",
    "grunt-contrib-jshint": "~0.10.0",
    "grunt-contrib-nodeunit": "~0.4.1",
    "grunt-contrib-uglify": "~0.5.0"

Example gruntfile:

module.exports = function(grunt) {

  // Project configuration.
    pkg: grunt.file.readJSON('package.json'),
    uglify: {
      options: {
        banner: '/*! <%= pkg.name %> <%= grunt.template.today("yyyy-mm-dd") %> */\n'
      build: {
        src: 'src/<%= pkg.name %>.js',
        dest: 'build/<%= pkg.name %>.min.js'

  // Load the plugin that provides the "uglify" task.

  // Default task(s).
  grunt.registerTask('default', ['uglify']);


# Installing gruntplugins

Adding dependcy

To use a gruntplugin, you first need to add it as a dependency to your project. Let's use the jshint plugin as an example.

npm install grunt-contrib-jshint --save-dev

The --save-dev option is used to add the plugin in the package.json, this way the plugin is always installed after a npm install.

Loading the plugin

You can load your plugin in the gruntfile file using loadNpmTasks.


Configuring the task

You configure the task in the gruntfile adding a property called jshint to the object passed to grunt.initConfig.

  jshint: {
    all: ['Gruntfile.js', 'lib/**/*.js', 'test/**/*.js']

Don't forget you can have other properties for other plugins you are using.

Running the task

To just run the task with the plugin you can use the command line.

grunt jshint

Or you can add jshint to another task.

grunt.registerTask('default', ['jshint']);

The default task runs with the grunt command in the terminal without any options.

# Remarks

Further reading:

The Installing grunt guide has detailed information about installing specific, production or in-development, versions of Grunt and grunt-cli.

The Configuring Tasks guide has an in-depth explanation on how to configure tasks, targets, options and files inside the Gruntfile, along with an explanation of templates, globbing patterns and importing external data.

The Creating Tasks guide lists the differences between the types of Grunt tasks and shows a number of sample tasks and configurations.