# CASE Statement
# Simple CASE statement
In a simple case statement, one value or variable is checked against multiple possible answers. The code below is an example of a simple case statement:
SELECT CASE DATEPART(WEEKDAY, GETDATE()) WHEN 1 THEN 'Sunday' WHEN 2 THEN 'Monday' WHEN 3 THEN 'Tuesday' WHEN 4 THEN 'Wednesday' WHEN 5 THEN 'Thursday' WHEN 6 THEN 'Friday' WHEN 7 THEN 'Saturday' END
# Searched CASE statement
In a Searched Case statement, each option can test one or more values independently. The code below is an example of a searched case statement:
DECLARE @FirstName varchar(30) = 'John' DECLARE @LastName varchar(30) = 'Smith' SELECT CASE WHEN LEFT(@FirstName, 1) IN ('a','e','i','o','u') THEN 'First name starts with a vowel' WHEN LEFT(@LastName, 1) IN ('a','e','i','o','u') THEN 'Last name starts with a vowel' ELSE 'Neither name starts with a vowel' END
Above example is just to show the syntax for using case statements in SQL Server with day of week example. Although same can output can be achieved by using "SELECT DATENAME(WEEKDAY, GETDATE())" as well.