# Data Access

# Read field from Database

Public Function GetUserFirstName(UserName As String) As String
    Dim Firstname As String = ""
    'Specify the SQL that you want to use including a Parameter
    Dim SQL As String = "select firstname from users where username=@UserName"
    'Provide a Data Source
    Dim DBDSN As String = "Data Source=server.address;Initial Catalog=DatabaseName;Persist Security Info=True;User ID=UserName;Password=UserPassword"

    Dim dbConn As New SqlConnection(DBDSN)

    Dim dbCommand As New SqlCommand(SQL, dbConn)

    'Provide one or more Parameters
    dbCommand.Parameters.AddWithValue("@UserName", UserName)

    'An optional Timeout
    dbCommand.CommandTimeout = 600

    Dim reader As SqlDataReader
    Dim previousConnectionState As ConnectionState = dbConn.State
        If dbConn.State = ConnectionState.Closed Then
        End If
        reader = dbCommand.ExecuteReader
        Using reader
            With reader
                If .HasRows Then
                    'Read the 1st Record
                    'Read required field/s
                    Firstname = .Item("FirstName").ToString
                End If

            End With

        End Using

        'Handle the error here
        If previousConnectionState = ConnectionState.Closed Then
        End If

    End Try
    'Pass the data back from the function
    Return Firstname

End Function

Using the above function is simply:

  Dim UserFirstName as string=GetUserFirstName(UserName)

# Simple Function to read from Database and return as DataTable

This simple function will execute the specified Select SQL command and return the result as data set.

Public Function ReadFromDatabase(ByVal DBConnectionString As String, ByVal SQL As String) As DataTable
    Dim dtReturn As New DataTable
        'Open the connection using the connection string
        Using conn As New SqlClient.SqlConnection(DBConnectionString)

            Using cmd As New SqlClient.SqlCommand()
                cmd.Connection = conn
                cmd.CommandText = SQL
                Dim da As New SqlClient.SqlDataAdapter(cmd)
            End Using
        End Using
    Catch ex As Exception
        'Handle the exception
    End Try

    'Return the result data set
    Return dtReturn
End Function

Now you can execute the above function from below codes

Private Sub MainFunction()
    Dim dtCustomers As New DataTable
    Dim dtEmployees As New DataTable
    Dim dtSuppliers As New DataTable

    dtCustomers = ReadFromDatabase("Server=MYDEVPC\SQLEXPRESS;Database=MyDatabase;User Id=sa;Password=pwd22;", "Select * from [Customers]")
    dtEmployees = ReadFromDatabase("Server=MYDEVPC\SQLEXPRESS;Database=MyDatabase;User Id=sa;Password=pwd22;", "Select * from [Employees]")
    dtSuppliers = ReadFromDatabase("Server=MYDEVPC\SQLEXPRESS;Database=MyDatabase;User Id=sa;Password=pwd22;", "Select * from [Suppliers]")

End Sub

The above example expects that your SQL Express instance "SQLEXPRESS" is currently installed on "MYDEVPC" and your database "MyDatabase" contains "Customers", "Suppliers" and "Employees" tables and the "sa" user password is "pwd22". Please change these values as per your setup to get the desired results.

# Get Scalar Data

This simple function can be used to get value from exactly one field one record query result

Public Function getDataScalar(ssql As String)

        Dim q As New MySqlCommand

        q.Connection = db
        q.CommandText = ssql
        getDataScalar = q.ExecuteScalar

    Catch ex As Exception
    End Try
End Function

How to use it:

Dim userid as String = getDataScalar("select username from user where userid=99")

Variable 'username' would be filled with the value of field username as a result from that query.