# Localization

# Localizing strings with gettext()

GNU gettext is an extension within PHP that must be included at the php.ini:

// Set language to French
putenv('LC_ALL=    fr_FR');
setlocale(LC_ALL, 'fr_FR');

// Specify location of translation tables for 'myPHPApp' domain
bindtextdomain("myPHPApp", "./locale");

// Select 'myPHPApp' domain


#: /Hello_world.php:56
msgid "Hello"
msgstr "Bonjour"

#: /Hello_world.php:242
msgid "How are you?"
msgstr "Comment allez-vous?"

gettext() loads a given post-complied .po file, a .mo. which maps your to-be translated strings as above.

After this small bit of setup code, translations will now be looked for in the following file:

  • ./locale/fr_FR/LC_MESSAGES/myPHPApp.mo.

Whenever you call gettext('some string'), if 'some string' has been translated in the .mo file, the translation will be returned. Otherwise, 'some string' will be returned untranslated.

// Print the translated version of 'Welcome to My PHP Application'
echo gettext("Welcome to My PHP Application");

// Or use the alias _() for gettext()
echo _("Have a nice day");

# Syntax

  • string gettext (string $message)